File:E-w-hornung.jpg|thumb|right|250px|Hornung in later life
'''Ernest William Hornung''' (7 June 1866 – 22 March 1921) was an English author and poet known for writing the A. J. Raffles
series of stories about a gentleman thief
in late 19th-century London. Hornung was educated at Uppingham School
; as a result of poor health he left the school in December 1883 to travel to Sydney, where he stayed for two years. He drew on his Australian experiences as a background when he began writing, initially short stories and later novels.
In 1898 he wrote "In the Chains of Crime", which introduced Raffles and his sidekick, Bunny Manders
; the characters were based partly on his friends Oscar Wilde
and his lover, Lord Alfred Douglas
, and also on Sherlock Holmes
and Dr. Watson
. The series of Raffles short...